Martin Buehler grew up in the rural Black Forest region of southern Germany, and studied electrical engineering at the University of Karlsruhe. He moved to the U.S. in 1984 and received the M.Eng. and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Yale University in 1985 and 1990. His doctoral work focused on the design, control and analysis of juggling robots and the analysis of a hopping robot.
After a Postdoc at MIT's leglab on dynamic legged locomotion, he joined McGill University, Montreal, in 1991 as an NSERC Junior Industrial Research Chair and a Scholar of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. He founded and headed the Ambulatory Robotics Lab, which developed one, four and six legged robots, including the ARL Monopods I and II, Scout I and II, CARL, PAW, RHex, RiSE and AQUA RHex, funded by major Canadian government, DARPA and industrial contracts and grants. In 2003 he received McGill's William Dawson Scholar Award. In the same year he moved back to the U.S. to become Director of Robotics at Boston Dynamics. Martin Buehler served as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation from 1998 - 2003. He is currently on the editorial board of the International Journal of Robotics Research and co-edited its special issue on the 2004 Int. Conf. on Climbing and Walking Robots. He is also an Associate Editor of the Journal of Field Robotics and a special editor of its two-volume Special Issue on the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge. Buehler was invited keynote or plenary speaker at robotics conferences, has over 100 publications on legged robots, dynamic manipulation and direct drive control, and has supervised over 30 graduate students at McGill.