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The Scrum Framework

A visual representation of the processes, concepts, and artifacts

23 June 2017

Joseph Barjis
Cognizant Technology Solutions

After coaching global Scrum Teams, Agile projects, and product development in all situations across Europe, Russia, and the Silicon Valley, I faced one challenge: how to present Scrum on one page in a way that could be used as a quick reference and handy guide in presentations and in Agile Team rooms.

I wanted not only an illustration of the framework but an illustration that could be used as a quick reference for practicing teams, one that could tell a story and give the Scrum definition, values, and artifacts. A picture is worth a thousand words — if it is sharp, clear, and depicts a rich and comprehensive view. Using pictures, diagrams, and charts draws attention, provokes thinking, and keeps the audience focused.

A single-slide training is now the trend, and so is having a one-sheet reference present in the team’s workplace. (Browsing through many slides distracts attention and makes it difficult to connect types of information and concepts spread across slides.) For this reason, I developed this Scrum framework poster, which can be used either as a wall poster or as a presentation slide.

The Scrum Guide does a terrific job at presenting concepts, but it is not a poster that you can post in Agile rooms. And the Scrum Alliance one-sheet chart “The Scrum Framework in 30 Seconds” is a great quick reference that in fact can be used in both the ways I mention above. Building on the success of this chart, the poster I am experimenting with encapsulates much greater knowledge and diagrammatically illustrates roles, processes, ceremonies, artifacts, metrics, and tools. This self-contained poster can be used for Scrum training or can act as a quick reference sheet for Scrum teams.

I aimed for a Scrum framework illustration that is comprehensive yet concise, not crowded with information yet containing the essentials. I ask you to look at it with these thoughts I mind. I would appreciate any constructive feedback in the Comments section. You can view the poster here: ScrumFramework20170615.pdf

My idea is that a poster like this could be part of the Agile transformation of organizations as teams get on board.

Opinions represent those of the author and not of Scrum Alliance. The sharing of member-contributed content on this site does not imply endorsement of specific Scrum methods or practices beyond those taught by Scrum Alliance Certified Trainers and Coaches.

Article Rating

Current rating: 3.7 (3 ratings)


Tim Baffa, CSM, 6/23/2017 10:43:35 AM

I was initially skeptical of your proposed 1-page pictorial overview of the Scrum Framework, but while the poster is quite busy (I can't see it being otherwise really), it actually does a very good job of depicting Scrum. Good job!
Joseph Barjis, CSP,CSM,CSPO, 6/23/2017 11:46:37 PM
I appreciate your feedback! Striking a right balance between essential and noise was a daunting task.
It was aimed to make a training poster to walk audience through Scrum Framework, its essential concepts, and show:

• Scrum activities transform Idea or Vision for a new product into a Value for customers as shown by a straight block arrow, which is below illustrated in details using additional symbols and icons;
• All the ceremonies in a temporal manner, i.e., what is first, second and third and when each artifact is cerated;
• How each day of a Sprint is spent, e.g., Day one is Planning, 2 to N-1 is execution, and day N is review;
• When Definition of Ready and when Definition of Done are utilized, i.e., in conjunction with Sprint Planning when the team pulls user stories to their Spirit Backlog, and DoD during the Sprint Review when user stories are moved to accepted;
• Illustrate Scrum Framework across three aspects of People & Roles, Processes & Artifacts, Metrics and Tools;
• Show that while the product backlog is the What perspective, the Sprint backlog is both What and How perspective when User Stories are broken into tasks;
• Each current increment is bigger than the previous, i.e., each increment is accumulation of all previous deliverables;
• Boundaries of Sprint, i.e., before the first Sprint starts, there might be some work around initial backlog, team formation, setting environment and logistics, and maybe training too;
• Product backlog items at the top are more refined and more valuable than the ones towards the bottom;
• Items that make their way to the product backlog are filtered by the PO;
• Yet, on the right pane, it has a collection of useful definitions or information or numbers.
Jayarajkumar ayyappan, CSM, 6/24/2017 9:19:08 AM
Very Good one, just one clarification where is link the rejected user stories ,bugs from sprint review to product backlog or am I missing something
Joseph Barjis, CSP,CSM,CSPO, 6/24/2017 9:29:10 AM
Thanks Jayarajkumar for the great suggestion!
Showing a loop to the product backlog after Sprint Review will certainly help this poster. Maybe a branch from where it says "Next Sprint".
Abhinav Mathur, CSM,CSPO, 6/26/2017 11:09:27 AM
Great diagram. I was also trying to seek such a concise diagram , eventually managed on 3 slides :-).
I would suggest looking at SAFe diagram it gives good clues to arranging the individual illustrations.

Overall great work !


Joseph Barjis, CSP,CSM,CSPO, 6/26/2017 7:29:48 PM
Thanks Abhinav for the suggestion of SAFe. Frankly, I was a bit under the impression of SAFe big picture when I started developing The Scrum Framework poster. I will rework some of the elements to make it more visually expressive and still to keep the simplicity.

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